Diabetes is a chronic disease such as metabolic disturbance in the body with the general characteristics of the high level of blood sugar (glucose). This condition may occur because of decreased production of insulin, or the body’s cells do not respond to insulin properly (insulin resistance). The earliest symptoms of high blood sugar level are the increased frequency of urination, frequent thirst, and often feel hungry even after eating.
In this period, if blood glucose levels continue to rise, it can cause a variety of dangerous complications such as kidney damage, liver and heart damage, retina disorders, and neurological disorders.
There are three types of diabetes =
- Diabetes type 1 is diabetes caused by the body’s inability to produce insulin. This condition requires the sufferer to undergo therapy or insulin injections on a regular basis to meet the needs of insulin. Because these characteristics, diabetes type 1 is often called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).
- Diabetes type 2 occurs due to insulin resistance; that is a condition where the body does not respond (resistant) insulin as it should, and often exacerbated by the drastic decline in insulin production. Diabetes type 2 used to be known as the Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
- Gestational diabetes is a condition of high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. This condition will usually return to normal after giving birth, but women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of diabetes type 2 in the future. Similarly, the new child will also bring the risk factors for diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes =
The most common early symptoms of diabetes are reduced weight drastically, frequent urination, and often feel hungry and thirsty. These symptoms are usually very visible in diabetes type 1, because of the cessation of the production of insulin. While in diabetes type 2, the symptoms are usually very mild or do not appear at all, so it is not uncommon to people newly diagnosed with diabetes type 2 or a coma after suffering complications due to diabetes, when taken to the hospital.
Other symptoms that may occur are visual disturbances (blurred vision), fatigue, and severe headaches. Symptoms of diabetes are the same in all types of diabetes, because both diabetes type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes have the same conditions, that is high blood sugar (glucose) in the body.