December 1 is celebrated as World AIDS Day. But did you know that someone who is infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) does not necessarily have AIDS? There are several stages that occur before a person exposed to this deadly disease.
Let’s find out the 4 stages passed by people who infected with HIV virus, as reported by Liputan6 page =
If the HIV virus begins to infect, then that person can transmit it to another person without knowing that he or she is infected. There are no obvious symptoms visible on the body of someone who is already infected.
It takes a long time to show symptoms, it can be 5-8 years from the time of first HIV infection. Generally, visible symptoms are weight loss, fatigue, fever, cold sweat, and swelling in the neck, armpits, or groin.
This is the stage of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) begins to appear, around the 8th year until the 10th year. Currently, the patient’s immune system starts to decline, and the body can no longer fight against the disease, even mild disease.
The body has an opportunistic infection, an infection that occurs due to disease taking advantage of the weak immune system. The patient may die.
However, the possibility to extend the period of these stages can occur if patients take medication given by doctors, i.e., ARV therapy. So there are still many opportunities that can be done even if someone has been infected with HIV, so do not get desperate.