Stroke is a cause of disability and even death that are often experienced by many people in the world. Stroke is a neurological dysfunction that causes loss of consciousness, speech disorders, and paralysis of the limbs, which can occur suddenly due to a disturbance of blood circulation in the brain.
Data from the World Stroke Organization said that the incidence of stroke had increased significantly in developing countries. Research also indicates if the number of disability and mortality is higher in developing countries.
One cause of the increased incidence of stroke in developing countries cannot be separated from the misguided myths about stroke among the public.
Some Myths About Stroke =
- Stroke occurs only in older people.
This is an incorrect assumption. In fact, a stroke can affect anyone and does not know the age. Indeed, the incidence of stroke is often found in people aged 50 years and above, but stroke can strike all ages. Stroke can occur in children, and generally this condition due to abnormalities of the blood vessels and blood components since born, and it is not associated with an unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, obesity and high cholesterol levels) as in adults.
- There is only one type of stroke.
It is also not appropriate. Actually, there are two types of stroke. The first is an ischemic stroke, the blockage in one of the blood vessels that play a role in supplying blood to the brain. While the second is a hemorrhagic stroke, brain hemorrhage due to the rupture of blood vessels. Both are almost the same, but the handling is very different.
- Stroke only attack man.
In fact, stroke is not indiscriminate in attacking a person, whether male or female. Even a large study in 2007 by Seshadri showed that stroke often occurs in women. Stroke can be increased two-fold in women who have blood pressure over 140/90mmHg. In addition, the incidence of stroke in women is usually increased significantly as they enter menopause.
- Stroke occurs only in patients with hypertension.
The assumption is not entirely wrong and not completely true. Although hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, but it is not the only one. In addition to hypertension, other risk factors are diabetes, high blood cholesterol, smoking, family history, and others.
- Stroke cannot be prevented.
The fact is that stroke can be prevented. Stroke prevention can be done in advance by knowing the risk factors for stroke itself. Furthermore, control of risk factors for stroke is to lose excess weight, normalize blood cholesterol levels, to quit smoking, and to lower blood pressure. The point is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. To apply, you are encouraged to consume healthier foods like fruits and vegetables, exercise, and avoid smoking. In certain cases, you also need to take medicine to normalize blood cholesterol and blood pressure.
- Stroke cannot be treated.
In fact, a stroke can be treated,only to get the optimal stroke treatment is strongly influenced by time. The sooner people affected by stroke get the right aid, the greater the possibility of spared from disability and death from stroke. A common problem encountered is less known about the symptoms of stroke. As for the deadline to be more optimal stroke treatment is 3 to 4.5 hours after the incident. If you know the people closest to you have difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness, and paralysis that occur suddenly, this could be a stroke. Immediately brought to the hospital that has adequate facilities.
- Stroke is the end of everything.
Stroke is not the end of everything. For your information, the number of deaths caused by stroke is 20 to 30 percent. This means there is 70 percent of people who are still alive from a stroke. These people, known as “the stroke survivors” because they survived from a stroke. They have varying levels of disability, ranging from mild to severe. Handling of disability requires proper rehabilitation measures. Research shows that there is the concept of neuroplasticity that has the possibility to improve nerve function up to six months after the stroke occurred. Period of six months should be pursued in order to obtain optimal recovery. The stroke survivors are required to take medication on a regular basis and transform into a healthier lifestyle to prevent a stroke that could come up again.