Kidney function is to filter the blood from dirt and excess water, and then making urine. The kidneys also function to help control blood pressure and produce hormones needed by the body to stay healthy. When the kidneys are malfunctioning or broken, dirt and other useless substances will accumulate in the body, and result in many health problems.
The human body has two kidneys, bean-shaped and the size is about the size of a fist. To cleanse the blood from dirt, the kidneys release three important hormones =
- Erythropoietin (EPO), which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells.
- Renin, which serves to regulate blood pressure.
- Calcitriol, the active form of Vitamin D, which helps sustain calcium for bones and maintain the chemical balance in the body.
The risk of kidney disease.
- High blood pressure (hypertension),
- Heart disease,
- Family health history that ever suffered kidney failure.
Tips to maintain kidney health.
Maintaining kidney health is very important, considering the functions that are vital to the health of the body in general. Here are tips that can help to make the kidneys remain healthy, especially when you have the risk of kidney disease =
- Keeping blood pressure remained at normal/healthy, or in accordance with the target has given by the doctor. It can prevent kidney failure.
- For people with diabetes, make sure always to maintain and control blood sugar levels.
- Keeping cholesterol levels in the body remains normal.
- Reduce consumption of salt. Excess salt you consume will be brought to the kidneys, and also include calcium contained in your food. The presence of calcium in the kidneys can interfere with kidney function and make it not healthy.
- Adopt or running a heart-healthy diet, like diligently consume fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat foods daily.
- Limit the amount of alcohol into the body.
- Make it a habit to be more physically active, for example by exercising regularly.
- Running program to lose weight, if you have an excess weight (overweight).
- For smokers, immediately consider quitting smoking. Smoking can aggravate the damage to the kidneys.
Diabetes and hypertension are the causes of disease/kidney damage which are most common. Both of these health conditions can damage the kidneys slowly over many years. Kidney disease in the early stages has no sign or symptoms at all. Sufferers probably will not feel any difference until the disease has entered the stage, and kidney damage has caused various health problems.
This fact further strengthens the reasons for us always to maintain the health of the kidneys and the body in general by adopting a lifestyle and a healthy diet in everyday life.