Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. This condition (prediabetes) almost always comes before a person has type 2 diabetes that more severe. Prediabetes is a medical condition that almost no symptoms at all.
The experts always convey the importance of diagnosing prediabetes, so that treatment can be done early and avoid more serious health conditions. For example, early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can prevent type 2 diabetes, including complications that commonly accompanies diabetes such as heart disease, eye damage, and kidney damage.
Because no symptoms at all, the condition of prediabetes is often overlooked until it just progressed to type 2 diabetes condition or complication of other diseases associated with high levels of glucose (blood sugar). That is why it is very important to check the blood sugar levels on a regular basis, to do early diagnosis and preventive measures against diabetes.
Symptoms of prediabetes.
Although most people who have pre-diabetes have no symptoms at all, there is a small chance for people to experience the early symptoms of diabetes like often feel thirsty, urination frequency increased, blurred vision, or fatigue. These symptoms can be very mild in intensity, so it is rarely associated with prediabetes condition.
Medical lab tests can show signs of prediabetes condition on someone. Who should do the testing prediabetes? Someone should do a test prediabetes if =
- Aged over 45 years.
- Having excess weight (overweight and obesity), with BMI/body mass index above 25.
- Have risk factors for diabetes, including =
- Physically inactive, less exercise.
- Have a family history of diabetes.
- Have a family history of heart disease.
- Have a history of gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
- Have signs of insulin resistance.
The importance of recognizing and dealing with prediabetes.
By identifying the signs of pre-diabetes before the onset of diabetes, a person can prevent type 2 diabetes condition and the complications of the disease usually accompanies the condition, such as heart disease and others.
A recent study called the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) said that people with prediabetes who adopt a healthy lifestyle, such as running a healthy diet and increased fission activity (sports) can prevent the onset of diabetes. In fact, many of them who able to return to normal blood sugar levels.
Treatment of prediabetes.
Treatment of diabetes is done by adopting a healthy lifestyle in their daily lives and treat conditions that become the risk factor for diabetes. In general, prediabetes treatment measures include =
- Running a healthy diet and lose weight.
Set the pattern and type of food consumed. Consult with doctor or nutritionist, if necessary. By lowering the weight as much as 5-10% of total body weight can makes a lot of difference.
Not a new thing, but it could be the most crucial in the effort to handle prediabetes. It is recommended to exercise for 30 minutes a day, at least five days a week.
- Stop smoking.
- Treat/control the condition of high blood pressure and high cholesterol.